Bird monitoring methods

Based on manual Koskimies, P. & Väisänen, R. A. 1991. Monitoring Bird Populations. A Manual of Methods Applied in Finland. Zoological Museum, Finnish Museum of Natural History, 144 pp.

Front page and authors

General instructions

Winter bird census

Point counts of land birds

Line transect censuses

Waterbird point and round counts

Archipelago birds census

Mapping census of breeding land birds (+ forms)

Nest card scheme (+ forms)

Raptor grid scheme