Luonnontieteellisen keskusmuseon nilviäiskokoelman historiaa.
The history of the Mollusca collection of the Finnish Museum of Natural History (part of the University of Helsinki) from their origin in the mid-19th century up to the present, is reviewed. The information is based on the early annual reports of the Imperial Alexander’s University and on the museum accessions reports published in Memoranda SFFF, and on further data in the museum archives and the collections themselves. As the collection was destroyed in the Great Fire of Turku and the University was moved to Helsinki, the Zoological museum began immediately to build new collections with the help of all the most notable scientists in the country. They donated their own collections to the museum and helped collecting new samples. At the same time Societas pro Fauna et Flora Fennica -society (SFFF) collected their own collections. Both of the collections were located side by side in the main building of the university and were united in 1858. The main idea of the SFFF society was to build the domestic collection as complete as possible. The university was collecting both domestic and exotic samples to the collections. The museum also bought and changed samples with other museums and collectors. During the first century both collections grew steadily, but in the last century the domestic collection has grown more rapidly. The Mollusca collection currently comprises some 50 000 samples (lots), and about half of it is electronically catalogued. It is divided into exotic and domestic (or East Fennoscandian) subcollection. In addition, some parts, such as the material obtained from the Swedish malacologist C. A. Westerlund (1831–1808) and the endemic Madeiran landsnails, are kept as separate entities.
New species of Sciaridae (Diptera) to the Finnish fauna
Vilkamaa, P., Heller, K. & Hippa, H.: Forty-six species of Sciaridae (Diptera) are listed as new to the Finnish fauna. Most of the species are known from central Europe, but six are new to Europe. The known distribution of the newly found species and the collecting data for all specimens are given. The current number of sciarid species in Finland is 339.
Tässä kirjoituksessa ilmoitetaan neljäkymmentäviisi Suomen eläimistölle uutta harsosääskilajia. Useimmat lajit on aiemmin tavattu Keski-Euroopasta, mutta kuusi lajia on Euroopalle uusia. Nyt löydetyistä lajeista ilmoitetaan niiden tunnettu levinneisyys sekä yksilöiden keräystiedot. Suomen harsosääskien lajiluku on nyt 339.
Muutoksia Suomen kukkakärpäsfaunaan (Diptera, Syrphidae)
The last up-to-date article of the changes of the hoverfly fauna in Finland was revised four years ago (Haarto & Kerppola 2009). Since then many changes have taken place. Five new species to the fauna have been recorded: Blera eoa (Stackelberg, 1928), Hammerschmidtia ingrica Stackelberg, 1952Paragus constrictus Šimić, 1986, Pipiza fasciata Meigen, 1822 and Pipizella obscura Steenis, 2011. Three species, Pipiza lugubris, Sphaerophoria sp. B and Syrphus rectus (Osten-Sacken, 1877) are omitted from the Finnish list. In addition, some nomenclature changes have been made: Pipiza bimaculata Meigen, 1822 is a junior synonym of Pipiza notata Meigen, 1822 (Vujić et al. 2013), Eristalis interrupta (Poda, 1761) is a junior synonym of Eristalis nemorum (Linnaeus, 1758) (Chandler & Mccullough 2004), Eristalis lineata (Harris, 1776) is a junior synonym of Eristalis horticola (De Geer, 1776) (Chandler & Mccullough 2004), Eristalis pseudorupium Kanervo, 1938 is a junior synonym of Eristalis obscura Loew, 1866 (Hippa et al. 2009). Genus Heringia Rondani, 1856 was redefined, as its generic rank was assigned to Neocnemodon Goffe, 1944 stat. n. (Vujić et al 2013). Currently, 358 hoverfly species are recorded in Finland.
Dictyna alaskae Chamberlin et Ivie, 1947 – kannusvarpuhämähäkki Suomessa (Araneae, Dictynidae)
Dictyna alaskae Chamberlin et Ivie, 1947 (Araneae, Dictynidae) was found in Finland 14th June 2011. One male was swept from dwarf shrubs at Oulankajoki National Park. The species is known from the Holarctic region, and closest to Finland it has been discovered in Sweden. The species is easy to identify by the male pedipalpal structure, more precisely by the backward pointing prominent spur of the conductor.
Three beetle (Coleoptera) species new for Estonia found in Saaremaa Island
Three Coleoptera species are reported as new for Estonia. Harpalus melancholicus Dejean, 1829 (Carabidae), Falagrioma thoracica (Stephens, 1832) (Staphylinidae), and Tetrops starkii Chevrolat, 1859 (Cerambycidae) were all found in Saaremaa Island, western Estonia, in summer 2012.
Tässä tiedonannossa ilmoitan kolme Virolle uutta kovakuoriaislajia. Maakiitäjäislaji Harpalus melancholicus Dejean, 1829 (Carabidae), lyhytsiipislaji Falagrioma thoracica (Stephens, 1832) (Staphylinidae) ja jäärälaji Tetrops starkii Chevrolat, 1859 (Cerambycidae) löytyivät kaikki Saarenmaalta kesällä 2012.
What ever happened to Apion (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea)?
In the Catalogue of Coleoptera of Northern Europe (Silfverberg (2011) the Apionidae species were included in the large genus Apion, following the local tradition. The Northern Europaean species of Apionidae are listed according to the system followed in the new Palaearctic catalogue. The Palaearctic catalogue by Alonso-Zarazaga (2011a) adopted a significantly different classification. In the present paper the North Europaean species are presented following the classification of Palaearctic catalogue.
Genus Microsania (Platypezidae: Microsaninae) in Finland
Three species of flat-footed flies of the genus Microsania (Platypezidae: Microsaninae) are reported as new to Finland, and one of these, M. capnophila Shatalkin is also new to Europe. Microsania capnophila Shatalkin and M. collarti Chandler in Vanhara, 1980 are reported from Regio kuusamoensis, and M. vrydaghi Collart, 1954 from Nylandia and Regio kuusamoensis. The total species number of Microsania in Finland is presently six.
Suomelle uusia kärpäslajeja (Diptera: Brachycera)
Sixteen Diptera: Brachycera species are reported as new to Finland based mostly on the material collected by Jari Flinck. Most of these fly species were previously known from neighbouring countries, but the records of Empis (Leptempis) grisea Fallén and Muscina angustifrons (Loew) represent significant range extensions.
Viisikymmentä Suomelle uutta kärpäslajia (Diptera: Brachycera)
Viisikymmentä kärpäslajia ilmoitetaan uutena Suomesta pääasiassa viimeisen kymmenen vuoden aikana kerätyn aineiston perusteella. Lajeista Pohjois-Euroopalle uusia ovat Phora convallium Schmitz, Cerodontha (Butomomyza) staryi (Stary), Geomyza martineki Drake, Hecamedoides unispinosus (Collin) ja Phorbia bartaki Ackland & Michelsen.
Fifty fly species of the families Tabanidae, Hybotidae, Empididae, Lonchopteridae, Phoridae, Psilidae, Sciomyzidae, Agromyzidae, Opomyzidae, Carnidae, Chloropidae, Heleomyzidae, Ephydridae, Scathophagidae, Anthomyiidae and Muscidae are added to the list of Finnish Diptera: Brachycera. Phora convallium Schmitz, Cerodontha (Butomomyza) staryi (Stary), Geomyza martineki Drake, Hecamedoides unispinosus (Collin) and Phorbia bartaki Ackland & Michelsen are reported for the first time from Northern Europe.
Muutoksia Suomen kärpästen luetteloon: heimo Lauxaniidae (Diptera)
Twelve species of Lauxaniidae are reported from Finland for the first time: Homoneura biumbrata, H. mediospinosa, Lauxania (Czernushka) albomaculata, Minettia (Plesiominettia) filia, M. (M.) helvola, Pachycerina pulchra, Pseudolyciella stylata, Sapromyza albiceps, S. apicalis, S. schnabli, S. simplicior and Trigonometopus frontalis. Four species are removed from the Finnish list as misidentifications: Homoneura dilecta, H. interstincta, H. tesquae and Sapromyza obsoleta. Paroecus signatipes has never been reliably documented as occurring within the current borders of the country.